文章摘要
公元5世纪至7世纪前期吐鲁番盆地农业生产探析
Agricultural Production in the Turfan Basin between the 5th and early 7th Century
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 吐鲁番  农业  占田规模  生产结构  生产技术
英文关键词: Turfan  agriculture  scale of land ownership  productive structure  production technology
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作者单位
李艳玲 中国社会科学院历史研究所 
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中文摘要:
      公元5世纪至7世纪前期,吐鲁番盆地百姓个人的土地占有情况发生变化,原来普遍存在的占田颇具规模的现象逐渐消失,百姓个人占有的土地面积大为缩小。当地农业以粮食生产为主,粟的种植最为普遍,其次是糜和大麦,属于典型的旱作农业类型。桑树、葡萄、枣、棉花等非粮农作物生产在农业生产中亦占有重要地位,其中或以桑的种植更为广泛。本文还从施肥、水利灌溉、农时观念等方面对当地的农业生产技术作了补充研究。
英文摘要:
      In Turfan between the 5th and early 7th century, with the phenomenon of personal ownership of enormous lands being disappeared gradually, people’s personal lands were largely reduced. Local agriculture was focusing on grain production. Millet cultivation was most common, then the broom corn and barley, indicating a type of typical dry farming agriculture. White mulberry, grape, jujube and cotton occupied important place, especially the white mulberry was widely cultivated. This paper also discussed local agricultural production technics from aspects of fertilization, irrigation and idea of farming season.
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